What Are NKRAs?

GTP 1.0 Improving Students Outcomes

The first three years of the GTP have seen remarkable results from the EDU NKRA’s initiatives, which focused on addressing the structure of Malaysian education system from early education up to secondary schools. Several flagship initiatives, such as the Literacy and Numeracy Screening Programme (LINUS), have also yielded positive results over the first three years, and will be enhanced and continued in GTP 2.0.


  • Increasing Pre-School Enrolment Rates

    Increasing Pre-School Enrolment Rates

    • Pre-school and early childhood education improves cognitive development leading to stronger learning outcomes throughout a child’s life. Access to pre-school is also critical to ensuring an equal head start for all children irrespective of socio-economic background.

    • To foster greater enrolment rates, the EDU NKRA undertook a number of activities including providing tuition fee assistance, increasing the number of pre-school classes through collaboration between the Ministry of Education (MoE), government agencies such as KEMAS, JPNIN, SeDIDIK and the private sector.

    • In the GTP 1.0, the EDU NKRA set for itself a goal to raise the pre-school enrolment rate of children aged 4+ and 5+ to 80% by 2011. The actual rate in 2011 fell slightly short of the 80% mark at 77%. The target has since been stretched to 87% for 2012.

  • Ensuring Basic Literacy and Numeracy Skills

    Ensuring Basic Literacy and Numeracy Skills

    • The implementation of the LINUS programme, which was set up to screen literacy and numeracy skill levels as students passed through the first three years of primary school, has seen significant results. In addition to the screening process, the LINUS programme also provided remedial help for students identified to be falling behind.

    • The goal set at the initial stages of the programme was to ensure that 95% of schoolchildren in Primary 2 would meet basic literacy and numeracy benchmarks by 2011, but the actual results surpassed this target. In 2011, 97.5% of the screened students in Primary 2 were shown to possess basic literacy skills, while 98.6% possessed basic math skills.

    • The goal for 2012 is to ensure that all (100%) Primary 3 students screened under LINUS will meet both basic requirements.

  • Identifying and Rewarding High-Performing Schools

    Identifying and Rewarding High-Performing Schools

    • The goal of this initiative is to encourage and motivate educators by identifying the best-performing schools in the nation through a stringent assessment that looked at the school’s academic and non-academic achievement, strength of alumni and success at international competitions and linkages.

    • Identified high-performing schools (HPS) were rewarded with a RM700,000 grant as an incentive to maintain their performance and to encourage other schools to improve their own performance.

    • The original target of this initiative was to recognise and reward 50 HPS by the end of 2011, but the actual number of schools identified – 52 – slightly exceeded this target. The goal is to increase the number of HPS to 100 in 2012.

  • Introducing New Deals for Principals and Head Teachers

    Introducing New Deals for Principals and Head Teachers

    • The New Deals initiative targets school leaders who are key drivers of change in the school system. Eligibility for New Deals is determined by a stringent set of requirements that look at the performance of the school as a whole as well as the individual school leader’s accomplishments.

    • The stated goal for 2011 was to offer the New Deals award to 3% of primary school head teachers and 2%1for secondary school principals. The actual percentages came in at 5.2% and 4.2% respectively.

    • The plan is to reach out to an additional 4% of primary school head teachers and 3% of secondary school principals in 2012.

  • Closing the Gap in School Quality

    Closing the Gap in School Quality

    • Underperforming schools need greater support and accountability measures in order to improve the delivery and provision of education to students, and also to close the gap with HPS to reduce the disparity in student outcomes.

    • To facilitate the improvement of the weaker schools in the country, the EDU NKRA introduced the School Improvement Programme (SIP), which analyses and provides support for schools falling in Bands 6 and 7.

    • In 2011, the initiative targeted a 20% reduction in Bands 6 and 7 schools and an 8% increase in Bands 1 and 2 schools, but the programme greatly outperformed the target, reducing Bands 6 and 7 schools by 40.25% and increasing Bands 1 and 2 schools by 21.86%.

    • The goal for 2012 is to further reduce the number of underperforming schools by 20% and increase the number of high performing schools by 8%.

Improving Student Outcomes NKRA is under the tutelage of Ministry of Education

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