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GTP 1.0 Improving Rural Basic Infrastructure

Development of key infrastructure has greatly improved the quality of life of rural residents and enabled greater access to markets. Some 4.5 million Malaysians have benefited from the GTP 1.0 programme, and many more are expected to do so in the coming years.

As the focus of the GTP 1.0 was on basic infrastructure, the Big Wins from the first horizon mostly pertained to issues such as road and clean water, but other infrastructure needs such as housing was also addressed. Despite the unexpected setback of a budget cut of RM3 billion, the achievements of the GTP 1.0 remain impressive nonetheless.


  • Increasing Access to Paved or Gravel Roads

    Increasing Access to Paved or Gravel Roads

    • The benchmark test for this initiative was measured by the percentage of Malaysians living within five kilometres of a paved, gravel road and laterite roads. By the end of 2012, some 3,147 kilometres of road was completed under this initiative, and the following percentages of Malaysians now meet the standards set above:

      • 98.6% of Peninsular Malaysia’s rural population
      • 87.0% of Sabah’s rural population
      • 86.0% of Sarawak’s rural population
    • The key performance indicator (KPI) for 2011 was to complete the construction of 905km of road, which was surpassed as 1,013km of roads were completed.

  • Increasing Access to Clean or Treated Water

    Increasing Access to Clean or Treated Water

    • Access to clean water is one of the fundamental needs of any community, and ensuring that all homes in rural Malaysia have access to this basic facility was a top priority for the RBI NKRA. Owing to the initiatives of the GTP 1.0, by end of 2012, 310,742 homes will have access to clean or treated water. The geographic breakdown is as follows:

      • 99% of Peninsular Malaysia’s
      • Rural population
      • 79% of Sabah’s rural population
      • 90% of Sarawak’s rural population
    • In addition to health and hygiene reasons, access to water is also a key requirement for industry and the rural economy. The target in 2011 was to ensure utility connection to 58,087 homes, but the number of actual homes connected came in at 73,227.

  • Ensuring 24-hour Access to Electricity

    Ensuring 24-hour Access to Electricity

    • Similar to clean water, all-hours electricity is a vital component necessary for improving the general quality of life for rural Malaysians. It is also an important component of industry and economic growth. By 2012, the RBI NKRA will ensure that an additional 93,712 houses have been connected to the grid and now have 24-hour power access.

    • Geographically, the breakdown is as follows:

      • 99.8% of Peninsular Malaysia’s rural population
      • 88.7% of Sabah’s rural population
      • 82.7% of Sarawak’s rural population
    • The RBI NKRA surpassed the 2011 target of wiring 26,882 homes to the grid after hooking up 27,004 homes to the grid.

  • Building and Restoring Houses for the Rural Poor

    Building and Restoring Houses for the Rural Poor

    • Cases of the hardcore poor living in poor and potentially dangerous homes still occur in Malaysia, and the RBI NKRA took cognisance of this issue in the GTP 1.0. To address this problem, the RBI NKRA implemented an initiative that would provide financial aid to the rural hardcore poor.

    • However, because resources are limited, the RBI NKRA had to ensure that only truly deserving households received this support. Over the last three years, the RBI NKRA’s Housing Assistance Programme restored and built 50,000 homes for rural Malaysians.

    • The target in 2011 was to build and restore 9,146 homes, which was surpassed by the actual total of 14,365 homes.

Improving Rural Basic Infrastructure NKRA is under the tutelage of Ministry of Rural and Regional Development

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