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GTP 1.0 Addressing Cost of Living

The Government has also expanded its assistance programmes to help students with the cost of education by providing them with book vouchers and a RM100 cash assistance payment.

While these short-term impact initiatives have helped the NKRA score a number of Big Wins in the GTP 1.0, the Government has also started to look into long-term structural changes that will help address the cost of living issue in the long run. These include studying and addressing leakages in the food supply chain, factors contributing to skyrocketing prices of homes, as well as studying the country’s subsidy programme.


  • Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M)

    Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M)

    • Introduced in December 2011, BR1M is a programme designed by the Government to provide additional spending money to Malaysia’s deserving rakyat.

    • BR1M provides direct financial assistance to Malaysian households earning less than RM3,000 a month via a cash voucher worth RM500. BR1M has paid RM2.6 billion to 5.2 million eligible Malaysian households.

  • Reducing Education Costs

    Reducing Education Costs

    • The COL NKRA abolished government school fees in 2012, making public education free in Malaysia for the first time. Meanwhile, the Government also helped defray the cost of education by giving 5.3 million primary and secondary students RM100 each to fund back-to-school expenses.

    • The Government also issued RM260 million worth of book vouchers under the Baucar Buku 1Malaysia programme, which were distributed to 1.3 million students in both public and private local institutions of higher learning, matriculation streams and Form 6.

  • Defraying the Cost of Essential Goods and Services

    Defraying the Cost of Essential Goods and Services

    • In order to provide the rakyat with affordable alternatives for necessities, the Government implemented the following programmes:

      • Klinik 1Malaysia: provides affordable and virtually costless treatment (RM1 per session)
      • Menu Rakyat 1Malaysia: ensures affordable breakfasts and lunches for the rakyat
      • Perumahan Rakyat 1Malaysia: increases the supply of affordable middle-income housing
      • Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia: provides affordable essential goods
      • Kebajikan Rakyat 1Malaysia: the Government's welfare programme

Download BR1M Form and Mechanism

Addressing Cost of Living NKRA is under the tutelage of the Deputy Prime Minister

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